These are the Alabama model standards for teaching the civil rights movement. The text highlighted in gray represents content that was added to the state¹s existing standards or was revised to create a model standard that provides comprehensive coverage of the civil rights movement.
ELEMENTARY AND MIDDLE SCHOOL
Identify significant historical sites in Alabama, including locations of civil rights activities, including: Montgomery — birthplace of the Confederacy, birthplace of the modern Civil Rights Movement; Tuskegee — home of Tuskegee Institute; Mobile—site of Fort Morgan and the Battle of Mobile Bay; Huntsville — home of the United States Space and Rocket Center; Tuscumbia — location of Ivy Green (birthplace of Helen Keller); Moundville — location of Moundville Archaeological Park; Birmingham — home of Vulcan and Vulcan Park, Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, and Sloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark; Selma—site of voting rights activities.
- Describe the social, political and economic impact of the Civil Rights Movement on Alabama.
- Identify important people and events of the modern Civil Rights Movement, including Martin Luther King, Jr., George C. Wallace, Rosa Parks, the Montgomery bus boycott, Birmingham church bombing, Selma-to-Montgomery march.
- Identify benefits of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
- Explain the impacts and mechanisms of segregation, including Jim Crow laws, school segregation, poll taxes and literacy tests.
- Describe the role of major civil rights leaders and significant events occurring during the modern Civil Rights Movement, including Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr., Brown versus Board of Education; Montgomery bus boycott, student sit-ins, march on Washington, D.C., Freedom Rides, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Malcolm X, Freedom Summer and voter registration efforts, Selma-to- Montgomery march.
Trace events of the modern Civil Rights Movement from post-World War II to 1970 that resulted in social and economic changes, including the Montgomery bus boycott, the desegregation of Little Rock Central High School, the march on Washington, and the Freedom Rides. Activities should include:
- Tracing the causes of the Civil Rights Movement from slavery through the Civil War, Reconstruction and Jim Crow laws, identifying obstacles to the movement’s success, including de jure and de facto segregation.
- Tracing the federal government’s involvement in the modern Civil Rights Movement, including the 24th Amendment’s abolition of the poll tax, the desegregation of the armed forces, the nationalization of state militias, Brown versus Board of Education, the Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the 1968 Civil Rights Act.
- Explaining contributions of individuals and groups to the modern Civil Rights Movement, including A. Philip Randolph, Martin Luther King, Jr., James Meredith, Medgar Evers, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
- Identifying people and events in Alabama that influenced the modern Civil Rights Movement, including Rosa Parks, Autherine Lucy, John Patterson, George C. Wallace, Vivian Malone, Fred Shuttlesworth, the Children’s March, the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing, and the Selma-to-Montgomery march
- Examining the opposition to the Civil Rights Movement, including the extra judicial enforcement of segregation by the Ku Klux Klan, the formation of the White Citizens Councils and the roles of key symbolic figures such as Bull Connor.
- Evaluating tactics such as boycotts, sit-ins, marches, civil disobedience, nonviolence and voter registration used at different times during the struggle for civil rights.
- Describing the development of a Black Power movement, including the change in focus of the SNCC, the rise of Malcolm X, and Stokely Carmichael and the Black Panther Movement
- Describing the impact of African-American entrepreneurs on the modern Civil Rights Movement Examples: S. B. Fuller, A. G. Gaston
- Describing the trajectory of the Civil Rights Movement following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., including Watts and other uprisings, evaluating its accomplishments and remaining objectives.