These are the Florida model standards for teaching the civil rights movement. The text highlighted in gray represents content that was added to the state¹s existing standards or was revised to create a model standard that provides comprehensive coverage of the civil rights movement.
SURVEY OF STANDARDS AND FRAMEWORKS
Florida’s Next Generation Sunshine State Standards (NGSSS) contain a number of benchmarks specific to the civil rights movement from kindergarten through high school.
The “Remarks and Examples” (abbreviated simply as “examples”) in Florida’s standards are required content. This is clarified in the new U.S. History EOC (end-of-course) Assessment test item document, which describes remarks and examples as “specific content that should be taught and potentially could be assessed.”
ELEMENTARY AND MIDDLE SCHOOL
Identify Florida’s role in the civil rights movement. Examples are Tallahassee Bus Boycotts, civil disobedience, and the legacy of early civil rights pioneers, Harry T. and Harriette V. Moore.
• Examine the freedom movements that advocated civil rights for African-Americans, Latinos, Asians and women.
• Analyze support for and resistance to civil rights for African-Americans. Examples are the conflict between Orval Faubus and Eisenhower in Little Rock, key symbolic figures such as Bull Connor, bombings in Birmingham and the extra judicial enforcement of segregation by groups like the Ku Klux Klan and White Citizens Councils.
• Trace the causes of the African-American civil rights movement from slavery through the Civil War, Reconstruction and Jim Crow, identifying obstacles to the movement’s success, including de jure and de facto segregation, poll taxes and literacy tests.
• Compare the struggle for African-American civil rights to the struggles for civil rights for women, Native Americans and other minorities.
• Explain the impact of World War II on domestic government policy (e.g., rationing, national security, civil rights, the desegregation of the armed forces, increased job opportunities for African- Americans, women, Jews and other refugees).
• Compare and contrast tactics, including boycotts, sit-ins, marches, civil disobedience, violence, nonviolence and voter registration used by groups (African Americans, women, Native Americans, Hispanics) to achieve civil rights.
• Assess key figures and organizations in shaping the civil rights movement and Black Power movement. Examples are the NAACP, National Urban League, SCLC, SNCC, CORE, Charles Houston, Thurgood Marshall, Rosa Parks, Constance Baker Motley, the Little Rock Nine, Roy Wilkins, Whitney M. Young, A. Philip Randolph, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Robert F. Williams, Fannie Lou Hamer, Malcolm X (El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz), Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture), H. Rap Brown (Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin), the Black Panther Party (e.g., Huey P. Newton, Bobby Seale).
• Assess the building of coalitions between African Americans, whites and other groups in achieving integration and equal rights. Examples are Freedom Summer, Freedom Rides, Montgomery Bus Boycott, Tallahassee Bus Boycott of 1956, March on Washington, Selma to Montgomery march.
• Analyze significant Supreme Court decisions relating to integration, busing, affirmative action, the rights of the accused, and reproductive rights. Examples are Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education, Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, Miranda v. Arizona, Gideon v. Wainright, Mapp v. Ohio and Roe v. Wade.
• Examine the similarities of social movements (Native Americans, Hispanics, women, anti-war protesters) of the 1960s and 1970s.
• Identify the expansion of civil rights and liberties by examining the principles contained in primary documents. Examples are Preamble, Declaration of Independence, U.S. Constitution, Emancipation Proclamation, 13th, 14th, 15th, 19th, 24th, and 26th Amendments, Voting Rights Act of 1965 and Civil Rights Act of 1968.
• Describe the trajectory of the civil rights movement following the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., including Watts and other uprisings, evaluating its accomplishments and remaining objectives.