Nine Essential Areas for Civil Rights Education

Students should be able to identify key events in the civil rights movement and place them in the correct chronology.

Students should learn that the civil rights movement was a movement composed of many individuals rather than due to the initiative of any single person or small group of people.

Students should be able to identify major groups involved in the civil rights movement.

Students should be able to trace the roots of the civil rights movement to slavery through the Civil War and Reconstruction.

Students should identify obstacles to the civil rights movement’s success. They should examine the persistence of racism and identify key figures and groups opposing the extension of civil rights.

Students should identify and compare tactics such as nonviolent resistance, boycotts, sit-ins, marches, voter registration and Black Power used at different times during the struggle for civil rights.

Connection to other movements
Coverage of the civil rights movement includes connections to other social movements.

Connection to current events
The civil rights movement is linked to current events and concerns.

Connection to civic participation
The civil rights movement is incorporated into civics instruction so that students are encouraged to apply the les- sons of the movement when forming their own ideas about effective citizenship.