1Maria M. Dominguez, Sex Discrimination & Sexual Harassment in Agricultural Labor, 6 Am. U. J. Gender & Law 231, 255 (1997); see also Richard Kamm, Extending the Progress of the Feminist Movement to Encompass the Rights of Migrant Farmworker Women, 75 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 765, 774-75 (2000).
2William R. Tamayo (2000), The Role of the EEOC in Protecting the Civil Rights of Farm Workers, 33 U.C. DAVIS L. REV. 1075, 1080 (2000).
3D.G. Kilpatrick, C.N. Edmunds, & A.K. Seymour, Rape in America: A Report to the Nation (1992).
4Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act, 29 U.S.C. § 1802 (2008).
5U.S. Department of Labor, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy, Office of Programmatic Policy, Findings from the National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS) 2001–2002: A Demographic and Employment Profile of United States Farm Workers, Research Report No. 9. (Mar.2005).
6World Health Organization, World Report on Violence and Health 157 (2002) available at http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/world_report/en/.
7Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network Statistics at www.rainn.org/statistics.
8The Williams Institute, Census Snapshot: United States (Dec. 2007) available at http://www.law.ucla.edu/williamsinstitute/publications/USCensusSnapshot.pdf.
9Villarejo, D., Baroln, S.L. The Occupational Health Status of Hired Farmworkers, OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE: STATE OF THE ART REVIEWS, 14, 613-635 (1999).
10Judith Herman, M.D., Trauma & Recovery: The Aftermath of Violence-From Domestic Abuse to Political Terror (Basic Books: 1997).
11The Victim Rights Law Center (VRLC) provides OVW grantees and sub-grantees free technical assistance and training on issues related to victim privacy. VRLC is the only non-profit organization in the United States dedicated exclusively to representing victims of non-intimate partner sexual assault. For more information, please contact the VRLC directly at TA@victimrights.org or by calling the VRLC Portland office at 503-274-5477 or the VRLC Boston office at 617-399-6720.
12As of January 5, 2009, under VAWA (Violence Against Women Act) and STOP (Services, Training, Officers and Prosecutors) grants, sexual assault victims can undergo a SAFE examination and have the cost of the exam paid for by the governmental entity whether or not the victim chooses to cooperate with law enforcement or the criminal justice system.
13This information is adapted from materials prepared and distributed by VRLC and is used here with VRLC’s permission. Additional resources or information may be accessed on the Victim Rights Law Center website at www.victimrights.org.
14Contact the National Network to End Domestic Violence at 202-543-5566 and http://www.nnedv.org for sample VAWA compliant forms.
15Materials used in this section are adapted from the Victim Rights Law Center’s national manual, Beyond the Criminal Justice System: Using the Law to Help Restore the Lives of Sexual Assault Victims, A Practical Guide for Attorneys and Advocates and from VRLC training materials and is used here with permission.
1618 U.S.C.A. §§ 2261–2266 (2000 & Supp. 2006).
17INA §287(g). For a list of jurisdictions that have signed these agreements, see http://www.ice.gov/pi/news/factsheets/section287_g.htm.
18Violence Against Women: The Response to Rape: Detours on the Road to Equal Justice, Report Majority Staff of the United States Senate Judiciary Committee, 103 Congress, May 1993. Although these statistics are from 1993, there has been no updated study that suggests that criminal justice system outcomes have improved.
19Timelines for conducting and completing these exams vary by case and jurisdiction. Please visit the International Association for Forensic Examiners at http://www.iafn.org for protocols governing the exams.
20Depending on the circumstances, in the school context, victims may have enforceable rights/remedies under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Section 504, (20 USC 794), and the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, 20 USCA § 6301, § 9532 (2002).