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Black Nationalist

The black nationalist movement is a reaction to centuries of institutionalized white supremacy in America. Black nationalists believe the answer to white racism is to form separate institutions — or even a separate nation — for black people. Most forms of black nationalism are strongly anti-white and anti-Semitic. Some religious versions assert that black people are the biblical "chosen people" of God.

Top Takeaways

Existing black nationalist groups have grown in size and new groups have formed. This growth is a response to the current climate of racial divisiveness, specifically police violence and Donald Trump’s derisive remarks about African Americans, including journalists and NFL players, and majority-black countries. Group leaders have played on people’s fear and distress to recruit new members in 2018. Leaders have also become emboldened in their rhetoric. Hashim Nzinga of the New Black Panther Party for Self Defense called Hitler a great man, and Louis Farrakhan told congregants at a February conference: “I don’t care what they put on me. The government is my enemy, the powerful Jews are my enemy, and scared to death negroes are my enemy, and weak Muslims and hypocrites are my enemy, but here I stand! Unfazed by a government that wants my life.”

Key Moments

Israel United in Christ, a Black Hebrew Israelite group, led an 800-person march in Tennessee on Aug. 4, 2018. Louis Farrakhan leveraged his attendance at Aretha Franklin’s funeral to legitimize himself and recruit new members by putting her on the cover of the group’s publication, The Final Call, and distributing 50,000 copies in Detroit, Michigan. The New Black Panther Party for Self-Defense hosted black men’s conferences and rallied in front of the White House to denounce Trump and praise Farrakhan.

What’s Ahead

Black Nationalist groups will likely continue to expand, coordinate, recruit and unify against what they perceive as their common enemies: Jews, white people and the police.  

Background

Black nationalists, however, should not be confused with the many non-racist African-American organizations that work for social justice and the elimination of institutional racism in America. In addition, they should not be seen as equivalent to white supremacist groups – such as the Ku Klux Klan or neo-Nazis – in terms of their history of violence and terrorism. And, unlike white hate groups, they have made virtually no inroads into the mainstream political realm and have virtually no supporters among elected officials.

A leading example of a black nationalist group is the Nation of Islam led by Louis Farrakhan. He has never backed away from the group’s fundamental tenets, espoused by the group’s previous leader, Elijah Mohammed, that white people are  inherently evil — that they are "blue-eyed devils."

Farrakhan has described Catholics and Jews, who he said practice a "gutter religion," as preying on blacks. During his Saviours’ Day Address in Chicago on Feb. 25, 2018, he declared that “powerful Jews are my enemy” and claimed that “the Jews were responsible for all of this filth and degenerate behavior that Hollywood is putting out turning men into women and women into men.” In addition, he said, “White folks are going down. And Satan is going down. And Farrakhan, by God’s grace, has pulled the cover off of that Satanic Jew and I’m here to say your time is up, your world is through.”

The racism of a group like the Nation of Islam may be the predictable reaction to white supremacy. But if a white group espoused similar beliefs regarding African Americans and Jews and, few would have trouble describing it as racist and anti-Semitic. If we seek to expose white hate groups, we cannot be in the business of explaining away the black ones.

2018 black nationalist hate groups

View all groups by state and by ideology.
*Asterisk denotes headquarters.

All Eyes On Egypt Bookstore (Macon, Georgia)
Ambassadors of Christ (Brooklyn, New York)
Ancient Egyptian Distribution Company (Jersey City, New Jersey)
Army of Israel (Cleveland, Ohio)
Army of Israel (Orlando, Florida)
Army of Israel (Statewide, Missouri)
Black Riders Liberation Party (Houston, Texas)
Black Riders Liberation Party (Las Vegas, Nevada)
Black Riders Liberation Party (Los Angeles, California)
Black Riders Liberation Party (New York, New York)
Black Riders Liberation Party (Oakland, California)
Black Riders Liberation Party (Portland, Oregon)
Great Millstone (Atlanta, Georgia)
Great Millstone (Baltimore, Maryland)
Great Millstone (Birmingham, Alabama)
Great Millstone (Charlotte, North Carolina)
Great Millstone (Chicago, Illinois)
Great Millstone (Cleveland, Ohio)
Great Millstone (Dallas, Texas)
Great Millstone (Des Moines, Iowa)
Great Millstone (Detroit, Michigan)
Great Millstone (Honolulu, Hawaii)
Great Millstone (Houston, Texas)
Great Millstone (Indianapolis, Indiana)
Great Millstone (Los Angeles, California)
Great Millstone (Memphis, Tennessee)
Great Millstone (Miami, Florida)
Great Millstone (New York, New York)
Great Millstone (San Antonio, Texas)
Great Millstone (St. Louis, Missouri)
Great Millstone (Statewide, Louisiana)
Great Millstone (Statewide, Mississippi)
Great Millstone (Statewide, Nebraska)
Great Millstone (Statewide, Wisconsin)
Great Millstone (Tampa, Florida)
House of David (Brooklyn, New York)
House of Israel (Atlanta, Georgia)
House of Israel (New York, New York)
House of Israel (Washington, District of Columbia)
International Society of Indigenous Sovereigns (New York, New York)
Israel United In Christ (Atlanta, Georgia)
Israel United In Christ (Austin, Texas)
Israel United In Christ (Boston, Massachusetts)
Israel United In Christ (Center Point, Alabama)
Israel United In Christ (Chicago, Illinois)
Israel United In Christ (Columbia, South Carolina)
Israel United In Christ (Concord, North Carolina)
Israel United In Christ (Corpus Christi, Texas)
Israel United In Christ (Dallas, Texas)
Israel United In Christ (Denver, Colorado)
Israel United In Christ (Detroit, Michigan)
Israel United In Christ (Hampton, Virginia)
Israel United In Christ (Heath, Ohio)
Israel United In Christ (Honolulu, Hawaii)
Israel United In Christ (Houston, Texas)
Israel United In Christ (Jackson, Mississippi)
Israel United In Christ (Jacksonville, Florida)
Israel United In Christ (Kansas City, Kansas)
Israel United In Christ (Lafayette, Louisiana)
Israel United In Christ (Las Vegas, Nevada)
Israel United In Christ (Los Angeles, California)
Israel United In Christ (Louisville, Kentucky)
Israel United In Christ (Memphis, Tennessee)
Israel United In Christ (Miami, Florida)
Israel United In Christ (Mobile, Alabama)
Israel United In Christ (Mount Vernon, New York)
Israel United In Christ (Nashville, Tennessee)
Israel United In Christ (New Orleans, Louisiana)
Israel United In Christ (Newark, New Jersey)
Israel United In Christ (Northern California, California)
Israel United In Christ (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma)
Israel United In Christ (Orlando, Florida)
Israel United In Christ (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Israel United In Christ (Phoenix, Arizona)
Israel United In Christ (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
Israel United In Christ (Rochester, New York)
Israel United In Christ (San Antonio, Texas)
Israel United In Christ (Savannah, Georgia)
Israel United In Christ (Seattle, Washington)
Israel United In Christ (St. Louis, Missouri)
Israel United In Christ (Statewide, Arkansas)
Israel United In Christ (Tallahassee, Florida)
Israel United In Christ (Tulsa, Oklahoma)
Israel United In Christ (Washington, District of Columbia)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Atlanta, Georgia)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Baltimore, Maryland)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Charleston, South Carolina)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Charlotte, North Carolina)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Chicago, Illinois)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Cincinnati, Ohio)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Detroit, Michigan)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Durham, North Carolina)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Fayetteville, North Carolina)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Fort Worth, Texas)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Greensboro, North Carolina)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Greenville, North Carolina)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Greenville, South Carolina)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Houston, Texas)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Indianapolis, Indiana)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Jacksonville, Florida)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Kansas City, Missouri)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Los Angeles, California)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Louisville, Kentucky)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Lynn, Massachusetts)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Minneapolis, Minnesota)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Nashville, Tennessee)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (New York, New York)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Oakland, California)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Portland, Oregon)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Richmond, Virginia)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (St. Louis, Missouri)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Statewide, Louisiana)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Statewide, Mississippi)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Syracuse, New York)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Tampa, Florida)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Upper Darby, Pennsylvania)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Washington, District of Columbia)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Wilmington, North Carolina)
Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge (Winston-Salem, North Carolina)
Israelite the Branches (Baltimore, Maryland)
Israelites Saints of Christ (Huntsville, Alabama)
Israelites Saints of Christ (Richmond, Virginia)
Israelites Saints of Christ (Savannah, Georgia)
Israelites Saints of Christ (Statewide, California)
Israelites Saints of Christ (Statewide, New Jersey)
Israelites Saints of Christ (Statewide, North Carolina)
Israelites Saints of Christ (Washington, District of Columbia)
Lion of Judah - Jeshurun Lions (Chicago, Illinois)
Lions of Israel (Mount Vernon, New York)
Luxor Couture (Atlanta, Georgia)
Masharah Yasharahla - Government of Israel (Raleigh, North Carolina)
Mountains of Israel (Houston, Texas)
Nation of Islam (Akron, Ohio)
Nation of Islam (Atlanta, Georgia)
Nation of Islam (Augusta, Georgia)
Nation of Islam (Austin, Texas)
Nation of Islam (Baton Rouge, Louisiana)
Nation of Islam (Birmingham, Alabama)
Nation of Islam (Brooklyn, New York)
Nation of Islam (Brunswick, Georgia)
Nation of Islam (Buffalo, New York)
Nation of Islam (Camden, New Jersey)
Nation of Islam (Charlotte, North Carolina)
Nation of Islam (Chattanooga, Tennessee)
Nation of Islam (Chicago, Illinois)
Nation of Islam (Cleveland, Ohio)
Nation of Islam (Columbia, South Carolina)
Nation of Islam (Compton, California)
Nation of Islam (Dallas, Texas)
Nation of Islam (Dayton, Ohio)
Nation of Islam (Dayton, Ohio)
Nation of Islam (Denver, Colorado)
Nation of Islam (Detroit, Michigan)
Nation of Islam (Dorchester, Massachusetts)
Nation of Islam (Durham, North Carolina)
Nation of Islam (Fort Lauderdale, Florida)
Nation of Islam (Fort Worth, Texas)
Nation of Islam (Grand Rapids, Michigan)
Nation of Islam (Greensboro, North Carolina)
Nation of Islam (Greenville, South Carolina)
Nation of Islam (Houston, Texas)
Nation of Islam (Indianapolis, Indiana)
Nation of Islam (Jacksonville, Florida)
Nation of Islam (Kansas City, Missouri)
Nation of Islam (Lexington, Kentucky)
Nation of Islam (Los Angeles, California)
Nation of Islam (Louisville, Kentucky)
Nation of Islam (Memphis, Tennessee)
Nation of Islam (Miami, Florida)
Nation of Islam (Milwaukee, Wisconsin)
Nation of Islam (Mobile, Alabama)
Nation of Islam (Monroe, Louisiana)
Nation of Islam (Montgomery, Alabama)
Nation of Islam (New Orleans, Louisiana)
Nation of Islam (New York, New York)
Nation of Islam (Newark, New Jersey)
Nation of Islam (Norfolk, Virginia)
Nation of Islam (North Charleston, South Carolina)
Nation of Islam (North Little Rock, Arkansas)
Nation of Islam (Oakland, California)
Nation of Islam (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma)
Nation of Islam (Orlando, Florida)
Nation of Islam (Pensacola, Florida)
Nation of Islam (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Nation of Islam (Phoenix, Arizona)
Nation of Islam (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
Nation of Islam (Plainfield, New Jersey)
Nation of Islam (Rialto, California)
Nation of Islam (Richmond, Virginia)
Nation of Islam (Rochester, New York)
Nation of Islam (Rockford, Illinois)
Nation of Islam (Saint Petersburg, Florida)
Nation of Islam (San Antonio, Texas)
Nation of Islam (San Diego, California)
Nation of Islam (Shreveport, Louisiana)
Nation of Islam (Springfield, Massachusetts)
Nation of Islam (St. Louis, Missouri)
Nation of Islam (Tampa, Florida)
Nation of Islam (Toledo, Ohio)
Nation of Islam (Trenton, New Jersey)
Nation of Islam (Tucson, Arizona)
Nation of Islam (Tulsa, Oklahoma)
Nation of Islam (Washington, District of Columbia)
Nation of Islam (Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania)
Nation of Islam (Willingboro, New Jersey)
Nation of Islam (Wilmington, Delaware)
Nation of Islam (Wilmington, North Carolina)
Nation of Islam (Winston-Salem, North Carolina)
Nation of Kings and Priests (Orlando, Florida)
New Black Liberation Militia (Statewide, Ohio)
New Black Panther Party (Atlanta, Georgia)
New Black Panther Party (Baton Rouge, Louisiana)
New Black Panther Party (Houston, Texas)
New Black Panther Party (New Orleans, Louisiana)
New Black Panther Party (Shreveport, Louisiana)
New Black Panther Party for Self Defense (Atlanta, Georgia)
New Black Panther Party for Self Defense (Houston, Texas)
New Black Panther Party for Self Defense (Jacksonville, Florida)
New Black Panther Party for Self Defense (Memphis, Tennessee)
New Black Panther Party for Self Defense (Seattle, Washington)
New Black Panther Party for Self Defense (St. Louis, Missouri)
New Black Panther Party for Self Defense (Tallahassee, Florida)
New Black Panther Party for Self Defense (Tampa Bay, Florida)
New Black Panther Party for Self Defense (Tupelo, Mississippi)
New Black Panther Party for Self Defense (Washington, District of Columbia)
Northern Kingdom Prophets (Pueblo, Colorado)
OneBody in Yahawashi (Dallas, Texas)
Revolutionary Black Panther Party (Baltimore, Maryland)
Revolutionary Black Panther Party (Flint, Michigan)
Revolutionary Black Panther Party (Hope, Arkansas)
Revolutionary Black Panther Party (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Revolutionary Black Panther Party (Raleigh, North Carolina)
Sicarii 1715 (Atlanta, Georgia)
Sicarii 1715 (Dallas, Texas)
Sicarii 1715 (Orlando, Florida)
Sicarii 1715 (San Bernardino, California)
Sicarii 1715 (San Diego, California)
Sicarii 1715 (Seattle, Washington)
The Israelite Church of God in Jesus Christ (Baltimore, Maryland)
The Israelite Church of God in Jesus Christ (Greensboro, North Carolina)
The Israelite Church of God in Jesus Christ (New York, New York)
The Israelite Church of God in Jesus Christ (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
The Israelite Church of God in Jesus Christ (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
The Israelite Church of God in Jesus Christ (West Palm Beach, Florida)
The United Nuwaupians Worldwide/All Eyes on Egipt (Athens, Georgia)
The United Nuwaupians Worldwide/All Eyes on Egipt (Brooklyn, New York)
The United Nuwaupians Worldwide/All Eyes on Egipt (Charlotte, North Carolina)
The United Nuwaupians Worldwide/All Eyes on Egipt (Chicago, Illinois)
The United Nuwaupians Worldwide/All Eyes on Egipt (Cleveland, Ohio)
The United Nuwaupians Worldwide/All Eyes on Egipt (Detroit, Michigan)
The United Nuwaupians Worldwide/All Eyes on Egipt (Hartford, Connecticut)
The United Nuwaupians Worldwide/All Eyes on Egipt (Jersey City, New Jersey)
The United Nuwaupians Worldwide/All Eyes on Egipt (Lithonia, Georgia)
The United Nuwaupians Worldwide/All Eyes on Egipt (Newark, New Jersey)
The United Nuwaupians Worldwide/All Eyes on Egipt (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
The United Nuwaupians Worldwide/All Eyes on Egipt (Washington, District of Columbia)
True Nation Israelite Congregation (Los Angeles, California)
Trumpet in Philly (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United Kingdom of Israel Congregation (Baltimore, Maryland)
United Kingdom of Israel Congregation (Chicago, Illinois)
United Kingdom of Israel Congregation (Hampton, Virginia)
War On The Horizon (Washington, District of Columbia)
Watchmen of Israel (Baltimore, Maryland)