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Chinatown butcher shop
Butcher shop in San Francisco’s Chinatown, circa 1885. Some of the earliest arrivals of Chinese immigrants to the U.S. were around 1815 via Chinese and U.S. maritime trade, when a few merchants and former sailors came to the country. Other Chinese immigrants who came later worked in mining, agriculture and fisheries, helping create the latter two industries in California. Some left China to escape unrest like the Taiping Rebellion in the mid-19th century. Still others built many commercial businesses in 19th-century America despite the country’s efforts to drive them out and destroy their livelihoods. (Photo by Underwood Archives/Getty Images)