What follows is a state-by-state tally of the 33 groups that the SPLC lists as nativist extremist groups active in 2013.
The movement of “nativist extremist” groups — anti-immigration organizations that go beyond mere advocacy to confront suspected undocumented immigrants and those who hire or help them — reached its vitriolic peak in 2010, when it counted some 319 groups. Since then, the movement has declined rapidly, a trend that continued in 2013, when there were just 33 of the organizations.
The decline, like that seen in earlier years, was due to movement infighting, the adoption of many of the movement’s goals by state legislatures like those of Arizona and Alabama, and criminal scandals. The worst of those scandals was the 2011 Arizona murder of a Latino man and his 9-year-old daughter by a group led by Shawna Forde, the head of Minuteman American Defense who now sits on death row. But in 2013, another important leader, Chris Simcox of the Minuteman Civil Defense Corps, was arrested on charges of molesting several young children.
The movement last year also lost one of its shrillest voices with the August death of Barbara Coe, the racist founder and longtime leader of the California Coalition for Immigration Reform, which was instrumental in passing 1994’s anti-immigrant Proposition 187 in California, although the measure was killed later. Coe, who was also a member of the segregationist Council of Conservative Citizens and a one-time board member of the border-patrolling Minuteman Project, was known for baseless rants about immigrants like this 2005 keeper: “We are suffering robbery, rape and murder of law-abiding citizens at the hands of illegal barbarians who are cutting off the heads and appendages of blind, white, disabled gringos.”
Most of the patrolling of the borders carried out by the Minutemen and related groups has now ended, but a border vigilante who identified himself as a “militia Minuteman” was arrested last August after pointing a military-style assault rifle at a sheriff’s deputy during a desert confrontation. In south Texas, meanwhile, the Texas Border Volunteers continued to carry out armed patrols of the Mexican border.
What follows is a list of nativist extremist groups active in 2013:
American Freedom Riders
Arizona Border Recon
Mohave County Residents for Constitutional Rights Arizona
Long Beach Minuteman Project
Minuteman Project (MMP)
WE THE PEOPLE California’s Crusader
Floridians for Immigration Enforcement, Inc.
The Dustin Inman Society
Help Save Maryland
Anne Arundel County
Prince George’s County
Queen Anne’s County
St. Mary’s County
Minnesotans Seeking Immigration Reform
NEW JERSEY (2)
New Jersey Citizens for Immigration Control
United Patriots of America
NORTH CAROLINA (2)
Federal Immigration Reform & Enforcement (FIRE) Coalition
North Carolinians for Immigration Reform and Enforcement
Oregonians for Immigration Reform
Voice of the People
RHODE ISLAND (1)
Rhode Islanders for Immigration Law Enforcement
Texas Border Volunteers