Skip to main content

To make Press Center inquiries, email press@splcenter.org or call us at 334-956-8228.

South Miami and immigrant rights groups sue Florida over unconstitutional immigration law

MIAMI, Fla. – A new state law requiring local police to act as ICE agents and prohibiting sanctuary policies, is unconstitutional and will hurt the most vulnerable Floridians, according to a federal lawsuit filed today by the Florida Immigrant Coalition, Farmworker Association of Florida, WeCount!, Americans for Immigrant Justice, Hope Community Center, QLatinx, Westminster Presbyterian United Church, The Guatemalan-Maya Center, Inc., Family Action Network Movement and the City of South Miami.
 
"Here in Orlando we are taking a stand to unapologetically defend the rights and dignity of our immigrant community and reject the practice of terrorizing innocent families by doing what we can to stand firmly opposed to ICE, who seeks to stoke fear, criminalize immigrant communities, and disrupt the moral fabric of peace in our home," said Christopher Cuevas, Executive Director of the Central Florida based LGBTQ+ immigrant rights advocacy organization QLatinx.
 
Plaintiffs are represented by the Southern Poverty Law Center, the Community Justice Project, and the Immigration Clinic of the University of Miami School of Law.
 
This lawsuit, filed in federal court in the Southern District of Florida, seeks an injunction stopping any further implementation of the law, which went into effect July 1.  The suit argues that several sections of the law are unconstitutionally vague, preempted by federal law, and violate the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment. 
 
“Entangling ICE and local law enforcement leads to racial profiling, civil rights violations, isolation of immigrant communities, and unjust deportations,” said Paul Chavez, senior supervising attorney for the Southern Poverty Law Center’s Immigrant Justice Project. 
 
“This law does nothing for Florida’s safety and actually does more harm than good,” said Thomas Kennedy, political director for the Florida Immigrant Coalition. “ When immigrants are forced to live in the shadows, it has a negative effect on all Americans.” 
 
The law also instructs local law enforcement to work with ICE. Turning local police into federal immigration agents undermines any trust the police have built with the immigrant community. It also requires local law enforcement to use their “best efforts” to support the enforcement of federal immigration law, but never defines what this means. It is unclear how “best efforts” will be defined, or who will define it. Local government entities and law enforcement agencies are struggling to interpret what this provision requires or prohibits.
 
“Our police are responsible for maintaining public safety,” said South Miami Mayor Philip K. Stoddard at a special city council meeting where the city voted to join this lawsuit. “And as soon as they are seen as somebody who might turn you in if you call for assistance, they are no longer trusted.”
 
When local police are de facto immigration agents, it empowers abusive employers and domestic partners to threaten immigrants.A relationship of trust between Florida’s immigrant community and government agencies is central to the public safety of the people of Florida.  This trust is threatened when state and local agencies are entangled with federal immigration enforcement. Whether it’s accessing a hurricane shelter, hospital, or reporting a crime, SB 168 places immigrant communities in fear of accessing vital services.
 
The full complaint can be viewed here.

A video on the flaws of the new law can be viewed here.