Former Vanderbilt University professor Virginia Abernethy is fond of manipulating environmental and population data to suit her white separatist agenda. A longtime associate of such hate groups as the white nationalist Council of Conservative Citizens (CCC), Abernethy stepped onto the national stage in 2012 as the vice presidential candidate for the racist American Third Position ticket. Her CCC ties drew widespread condemnation of her role as advisor in 2004 to promoters of Arizona's harshly anti-immigrant Proposition 200 legislation, which nonetheless passed.
After decades of trying to insert his distinctive brand of Christian fundamentalism into mainstream politics, Chuck Baldwin appears to have given up trying to infiltrate Capitol Hill and moved instead into the wilds.
Named by Time in 2005 as one of the nation’s “25 Most Influential Evangelicals,” David Barton is a self-styled “historian” who has acted as a key bridge between the mainstream political right and radical-right religious ideology.
An iconic figure of the radical right, Louis Beam played a key role in shaping the revolutionary racist movement in the United States during the three decades following the Vietnam War as one of its principal theorists and strategists.
During his reign as imperial wizard of the American Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Jeff Berry developed a reputation as a man who welcomed thugs and criminals into what came to be called, informally, the "bully-boy Klan."
Richard Bertollini struck it rich in the 1990s when he cashed out of his Silicon Valley, Calif., computer company. He relocated to Idaho and invested his millions in pushing the racist theology of Christian Identity, which describes Jews as biologically Satanic.
Barry Black is emblematic of the gutter aspects of the Ku Klux Klan thanks to his lengthy criminal history. He became a minor white supremacist celebrity after he was arrested in 1998 for burning a cross on private land with the permission of the landowner.
A former Klan state leader and long-time white supremacist, Don Black is best known for creating Stormfront.org, the first major Internet hate site. While the site remains popular in racist circles, Black came under criticism in 2008 from other white supremacists for toning down its offensive content.
Michael Boldin is the founder and executive director of the Tenth Amendment Center (TAC), an organization that favors “nullification” of federal laws it considers unconstitutional. Founded in 2007, the TAC is based on an expansive reading of the Tenth Amendment, which says that those “powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”
Retired three-star general Jerry Boykin was the Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence (2002-2007) during the President George W. Bush administration. Boykin’s decorated 36-year military career included 13 years as a commando in Delta Force, the United States Army’s elite special operations, counter-terrorism unit. Since his retirement from the military in 2007, Boykin has involved himself fully as a Christian far-right activist and anti-Muslim propagandist. He is currently executive vice president of the Family Research Council, which is listed as a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center.
Peter Brimelow, a leading anti-immigration activist and author of the bestselling anti-immigrant tome Alien Nation, is the president of the VDARE Foundation, a nonprofit that warns against the polluting of America by non-whites, Catholics, and Spanish-speaking immigrants.
Kyle Bristow first made his name as a pugnacious racist activist at Michigan State University, but went on to hobnob with leading lights of the white supremacist movement and to author racist novels and essays.
Michael Brown is not typical of most who push the idea that a cabal of liberal media elites have orchestrated a so-called “homosexual agenda” to indoctrinate children into a lifestyle that makes a mockery of Christian values.
Longing for a "whites-only" homeland in the Pacific Northwest, aerospace engineer Richard Butler left California in the early 1970s and purchased land in northern Idaho. That land became home to one of the most notorious American hate groups, the Church of Jesus Christ Christian/Aryan Nations.
Craig Cobb is best known for his botched effort to transform the tiny hamlet of Leith, N.D., into an Aryan stronghold, a secret campaign which ultimately landed him in jail and, in 2014, on four years of probation while tethered to a monitoring device. An itinerant neo-Nazi who joined a whole variety of racist groups over the decades and even operated from Estonia for a time, Cobb became known as an especially vicious character who posted horrific videos of things like Russian neo-Nazis beheading immigrants on his Podblanc video-sharing site.
John de Nugent is a prolific writer who has worked with numerous hate groups including the neo-Nazi National Alliance and the Holocaust-denying Barnes Review, and individuals like Willis Carto, the anti-Semitic founder of both the The Barnes Review and the now-defunct Liberty Lobby.
Under normal circumstances, there’s something endearing about youthful idealism. But when it comes to Kevin DeAnna, founder and recently departed head of the ultraconservative student group Youth for Western Civilization (YWC), normal circumstances do not apply.
Gary DeMar is president of the Christian Reconstructionist think tank American Vision. The group advocates for a complete theocracy governed by Old Testament law. He is an outspoken anti-gay activist who regularly hosts and speaks at Christian-right events.
Tom DeWeese has built a career on conspiratorial warnings about Agenda 21, a completely voluntary United Nations set of principles for sustainable resource management. Where others see sensible environmental guidelines, DeWeese finds sinister land-grabbing socialist UN initiatives that threaten national sovereignty, private property rights and freedom, not to mention turning our children into one-world government zombies.
Ron Doggett has been involved in several important hate groups since his teen years. A long-time and dedicated admirer of former Klansman David Duke, Doggett heads the Virginia chapter of the European American Unity and Rights Organization (EURO), a white nationalist hate group founded by Duke in 2000.
David Duke is the most recognizable figure of the American radical right, a neo-Nazi, longtime Klan leader and now international spokesman for Holocaust denial who has nevertheless won election to Louisiana's House of Representatives.
James Edwards hosts “The Political Cesspool,” a racist, anti-Semitic radio show he founded in 2005 and based just outside Memphis, Tenn. His show has featured a wide roster of white supremacists, anti-Semites and other extremists, such as the longtime Klan leader David Duke and Holocaust denier Willis Carto. Its mission statement says it “stands for the Dispossessed Majority” and is “pro-white.”
In recent years, thanks largely to his leadership of TheCall Ministries, Lou Engle has become one of the more prominent players on the American religious right. A zealous opponent of abortion and LGBT rights, he has called homosexuality a “spirit of lawlessness,” suggested that it should be criminalized, and spoken at a highly controversial rally in Uganda where speakers backed a bill authorizing the death penalty for gay men and lesbians in some circumstances.
Eric “The Butcher” Fairburn was among the founders of the Vinlanders Social Club, a racist skinhead group formed in 2003. He was a particularly violent participant in the skinhead movement until – after a stint in prison for beating a homeless black man in Indianapolis – he walked into a police station and confessed to a 2004 murder. He is now serving life in prison.
As editor and publisher of WorldNetDaily, Joseph Farah pushes theories from beyond the lunatic fringe. His online publication has offered a six-part series on how soybeans cause homosexuality and insisted that President Barack Obama is intent on provoking armed rebellion so the UN can implement a one-world government. Farah’s “news” site is also an unrepentant and prolific promoter of “birther” theories about Barack Obama.
Louis Farrakhan heads the Nation of Islam, a group he has led since 1977 and that is based on a somewhat bizarre and fundamentally anti-white theology. Farrakhan is an anti-Semite who routinely accuses Jews of manipulating the U.S. government and controlling the levers of world power.
Paul Fromm is a Canadian neo-Nazi based in the Toronto area. He serves as the international director for the white supremacist Council of Conservative Citizens (CCC), a direct descendent of the White Citizens Councils that rabidly opposed school desegregation in the 1950s and 1960s. He formerly hosted a daily radio show on Don Black’s racist web forum, Stormfront. Fromm also lectures frequently in both the United States and Canada and has appeared at annual conferences hosted by the CCC and the white nationalist American Renaissance.
Raised to revere the Nazis, April Gaede spent most of her racist career as a neo-Nazi stage mom. She is the mother and promoter of the tonally challenged twins Lynx and Lamb, whose band Prussian Blue was for a time hot on the white nationalist circuit. In 2007, Gaede was accorded the “honor” of disposing of the remains of terrorist David Lane, a member of The Order who died while serving a 190-year federal sentence in connection with the murder of Jewish talk show host Alan Berg in 1984.
Once a respectable Washington insider, Frank Gaffney Jr. is now one of America’s most notorious Islamophobes. Gripped by paranoid fantasies about Muslims destroying the West from within, Gaffney believes that “creeping Shariah,” or Islamic religious law, is a dire threat to American democracy. He favors congressional hearings to unmask subversive Muslim conspiracies, and was even banned from far-right Conservative Political Action Conference events after accusing two of its organizers of being agents of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Roan Garcia-Quintana is the Cuban-born, immigrant-bashing executive director of the nativist group Americans Have Had Enough. A former Reagan administration appointee, he is longtime South Carolina political operative with deep roots in the GOP. He is also a lifetime member and board member of the white nationalist Council of Conservative Citizens.
Former boxer Erich "The Aryan Barbarian" Gliebe made a name for himself in the neo-Nazi National Alliance (NA) with his innovative moves to recruit new, younger members through hate rock music and white supremacist events masquerading as European-American "cultural festivals."
A highly decorated Vietnam Veteran and the supposed inspiration for Sylvester Stallone's character in the original Rambo movie "First Blood," Bo Gritz has dedicated himself for decades to denouncing the "New World Order."
Matt Hale spent years pumping out violent and aggressive propaganda, particularly once he became "Pontifex Maximus" of the World Church of the Creator, which for a time was one of the largest neo-Nazi groups in America.
Garrett Hardin was a prolific and controversial writer whose 1968 article “The Tragedy of the Commons” launched him onto the national stage as one of the intellectual leaders of the environmental movement. Hardin used his status as a famous scientist and environmentalist to provide a veneer of intellectual and moral legitimacy for his underlying nativist agenda, serving on the board of directors of both the anti-immigrant Federation for American Immigration Reform and the white-nationalist Social Contract Press. He also co-founded the anti-immigrant Californians for Population Stabilization and The Environmental Fund, which primarily served to lobby Congress for nativist and isolationist policies.
Considered by many to be the face of a new generation of white nationalists, Matthew Heimbach founded a campus chapter of Youth for Western Civilization at Towson University in Maryland and later started the White Student Union there. He also has been a member of the neo-Confederate League of the South. Since graduating in the spring of 2013, he has entrenched himself further in the white nationalist movement and become a regular speaker on the radical-right lecture circuit.
Mike Hill represents the intellectual but racist faction of the neo-Confederate movement. Ironically a professor for years at a historically black college, Hill established the League of the South in 1994 as an institution devoted to reviving Southern heritage and pushing for secession. As Hill spurred the group to become increasingly racist and militant in the late 1990s, most of the academics who joined in 1994 fled as racial extremists took their place in a much diminished institution.`
David Irving was once treated with great respect for his historical tomes on World War II and Nazi Germany. But in recent years, the writer has become known as the world's most prominent Holocaust denier.
Brien James was among the founders of the Vinlanders Social Club in 2003, after being a member of the Outlaw Hammerskins and helping to form the Hoosier State Skinheads. James, who has boasted that his Joint Terrorism Task Force file is “a mile long,” has long been involved in feuds among rival skinhead groups.
Arthur Jensen was arguably the father of modern academic racism. For over 40 years, Jensen, an educational psychologist at the University of California, Berkeley, provided a patina of academic respectability to pseudoscientific theories of black inferiority and segregationist public policies. Jensen was responsible for resurrecting the idea that the black population is inherently and immutably less intelligent than the white population, an ideology that immediately became known as “jensenism.”
William Daniel Johnson, a Los Angeles corporate lawyer, is an uninspiring but determined white separatist. As early as 1985, Johnson proposed a constitutional amendment that would revoke the American citizenship of every nonwhite inhabitant of the United States. A quarter century later, in 2010, he was still actively supporting white nationalist causes, serving as chairman of the racist American Third Position political party, established the prior year. The party wants to run racist candidates nationwide.
Alex Jones is almost certainly the most prolific conspiracy theorist in contemporary America. In terms of the audience he reaches, he also may be the one with the most far-reaching influence in the nation’s history. To many, Jones is a bad joke. But the sad reality is that he has millions of followers who listen to his radio show, watch his “documentaries” and read his websites, and some of them, like Marathon bomber Tamerlan Tsarnaev, resort to deadly violence.
Masquerading as a media watchdog, Cliff Kincaid is actually an unrepentant propagandist for extremist right-wing causes who knows few boundaries in his attempts to smear liberal foes. Among his wild pronouncements as director of Accuracy in Media (AIM) are the claims that global warming is a scam perpetrated by the "religious left," that President Obama is a socialist Muslim, and that Marxist elements have hijacked the Roman Catholic Church in order to facilitate a "foreign invasion of the U.S." by Latinos. But Kincaid reserves a special loathing for gays and lesbians, who he believes are destroying the media, the military, the government, and the American way of life.
Larry Klayman is a pathologically litigious attorney and professional gadfly notorious for suing everyone from Iran’s Supreme Leader to his own mother. A former U.S. prosecutor who made a name for himself in the 1990s by suing the Clinton administration no less than 18 times, Klayman seems to have been driven over the edge by the 2008 election of Barack Obama.
Randal Krager is the founder and leader of the neo-Nazi skinhead group Volksfront and has a long history in the skinhead movement, beginning when he was 15 in Portland, Ore. He laid the groundwork for Volksfront while serving time in prison for putting a black man in a coma with a single punch, and assumed leadership when he was released in 1994.
Kevin Lamb has been contributing to white nationalist publishing since the early 1990s. He has worked in an editorial capacity for multiple branches of Eagle Publishing, including The Occidental Quarterly.He currently serves as the managing editor of The Social Contract magazine, and is a regular contributor to the white nationalist website VDARE.
Although he died in prison in 2007 at the age of 69, David Lane remains one of the most important ideologues of contemporary white supremacy. A member of the terrorist group The Order, which was responsible for the 1984 assassination of Jewish radio host Alan Berg, Lane also penned the best-known slogan of the U.S. white supremacist movement, the so-called "14 Words."
Gary "Gerhard" Lauck, an American with a put-on German accent and Hitlerite moustache, is often referred to as the "Farm Belt Fuhrer." From his home in Lincoln, Neb., Lauck exported or smuggled millions of pieces of neo-Nazi propaganda in 10 languages to at least 30 countries in the 1990s.
Alex Linder, a foul-mouthed but nattily dressed neo-Nazi, is the operator of the gutturally racist website Vanguard News Network (VNN). A former member of the National Alliance, once the nation's premier neo-Nazi organization, Linder angrily split with his fellow comrades after that group failed to provide funding for the defense of an arrested state leader. More recently, Linder has attempted to organize neo-Nazi protests of black-on-white crimes, at one of which he was arrested in 2007.
A veteran of the anti-gay movement, Lively has been actively propagandizing against LGBT people since the early 1990s, but he's perhaps best-known for co-writing the thoroughly discredited, Holocaust revisionist book The Pink Swastika: Homosexuality in the Nazi Party (1995), which claims that the Nazi party was full of gay men who, because of their "savagery," were able to carry out the Holocaust. In 2007, he co-founded the virulently anti-gay Watchmen on the Walls, an organization currently active more in Eastern Europe than the U.S. More recently, he got a new claim to fame when he presented his virulent views about homosexuality at a 2009 anti-gay conference in Uganda that is widely believed to have played a role in the drafting of Uganda's notorious "kill the gays" bill. Lively is president of Abiding Truth Ministries and director of Redemption Gate Mission Society, both currently based in Springfield, Mass.
Wayne Lutton is the gay-bashing, immigrant-hating editor of The Social Contract, a journal published by the hate group The Social Contract Press and the closest colleague of the founder of the modern anti-immigration movement and head of the group, John Tanton. A stalwart on the racist speaking circuit, Lutton has connections to several hate groups, including the white supremacist Council of Conservative Citizens, the Holocaust-denying Institute of Historical Review, and the white nationalist journal The Occidental Quarterly.
Richard Lynn is one of the most unapologetic and raw “scientific” racists operating today, arguing, among other things, that nations with high average IQs must subjugate or eliminate lower-IQ groups, which he associates with particular racial groups, in order to preserve their dominance.
Kirk Lyons is a white supremacist lawyer who co-founded and serves as the "chief trial counsel" for the Southern Legal Resource Center (SLRC), which has effectively become the legal arm of the neo-Confederate movement.
Kevin MacDonald is the neo-Nazi movement's favorite academic. A psychology professor at California State University, Long Beach, MacDonald published a trilogy that supposedly "proves" that Jews are genetically driven to destroy Western societies.
After David Duke, Tom Metzger is one of the most notorious living white supremacists in the United States. He is a former California grand dragon of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan who, in the mid-1980s, founded White Aryan Resistance (WAR).
Frazier Glenn Miller, also known as Frazier Glenn Cross, is the former “grand dragon” of the Carolina Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, which he founded and ran in the 1980s before being sued by the Southern Poverty Law Center for operating an illegal paramilitary organization and using intimidation tactics against African Americans. After subsequently forming another Klan group, the White Patriot Party, he was found in criminal contempt and sentenced to six months in prison for violating the court settlement. On April 13, 2014, Miller was arrested in the shooting deaths of three people at a Jewish community center and nearby retirement community in Overland Park, Kansas.
In advertising, everyone knows the most important group to reach is the 18-34 demographic. These days, 18- to 34-year-olds even have their own evangelist, a pop culture-savvy Christian hardliner with the word “zealot” tattooed on his forearm and wrath emblazoned in his heart. His name is Jason “Molotov” Mitchell, he’s 33 years old, and he’s a self-declared “Christian Supremacist” who wants his co-religionists to shove aside “effeminized American Christianity” and start “advancing the Kingdom on earth.”
Paul Mullet is a neo-Nazi and Christian Identity adherent with a long history of theft. He has been involved with the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and the Aryan Nations and formed the American National Socialist Party in 2010.
Charles Murray, a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, has become one of the most influential social scientists in America, using racist pseudoscience and misleading statistics to argue that social inequality is caused by the genetic inferiority of the black and Latino communities, women and the poor.
Tony Perkins heads the Family Research Council, an anti-LGBT hate group located in Washington, D.C. Perkins has a sordid political history, having once purchased Klansman David Duke’s mailing list for use in a Louisiana political campaign he was managing. In 2001, Perkins gave a speech to a Louisiana chapter of the Council of Conservative Citizens, a white supremacist group.
Fred Phelps is America's most notorious anti-gay activist. On his "God Hates Fags" website and in tracts sent from his church compound in Topeka, Kan., Phelps and his congregation pump out reams of anti-gay material.
William Pierce, America's most important neo-Nazi for some three decades until his death in 2002, was the founder and leader of the National Alliance, a group whose members included terrorists, bank robbers and would-be bombers.
Anthony Pierpont was for years a racist music entrepreneur. The business he developed, Minnesota-based Panzerfaust Records, was, for a time, a major racist music supplier and innovator. Pierpont was forced out of the white supremacist world in 2005 after his Mexican ancestry was made public.
A scathing critic of “cultural Marxism” — once an actual school of socialist thought but now a bogeyman to radical rightists who see it as a secret conspiracy to destroy Western society from within — Paul Ramsey is a white nationalist who posts Internet videos of himself talking to the camera under the screen name of Ramzpaul. Ramsey calls himself a “satirist,” a kind of far-right Jon Stewart, but he is more importantly an ideologue and a hero to much of the radical right.
J.T. (Jason Todd) Ready, a former member of the neo-Nazi National Socialist Movement, specializes in bashing immigrants. Ready, who has run for various Arizona offices usually without success, advocates for the placement of landmines on the border and rails against Jews and nonwhites.
Yale Law School graduate Stewart Rhodes in 2009 founded the far-right Oath Keepers, a fiercely antigovernment, militaristic group that improbably claims more than 30,000 law enforcement officers, soldiers and military veterans as members.
Billy Roper is the uncensored voice of violent neo-Nazism. Whether he's admiring the 9/11 attacks or discussing his racial ideals, this one-time schoolteacher isn't afraid to celebrate genocide and mass murder.
Jean-Philippe Rushton is a psychology professor, author of a handful of academic tomes and numerous articles, and a onetime fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation — and probably the most important race scientist at work today.
Jeff Schoep has been a neo-Nazi true believer since age 10 who has managed, largely by luck, to end up heading one of the largest explicitly Hitlerite groups in America. Schoep's group is known for the crudeness of its propaganda, the violence it works hard to provoke, and the faux SS outfits that have caused many other neo-Nazis to deride NSM members as "Hollywood Nazis."
William Shockley, Stanford professor and winner of the 1956 Nobel Prize in physics for his co-invention of the transistor, was arguably the single person most responsible for ushering in the computer age. He was also an ardent eugenicist whose theories of black racial inferiority eventually made him an academic pariah.
Glenn Spencer is a vitriolic Mexican-basher and self-appointed guardian of the border who may have done more than anyone to spread the myth of a secret Mexican conspiracy to reconquer the Southwest (an effort supposedly known as “la reconquista”).
As the director of the Jihad Watch blog and co-founder of Stop Islamization of America, Robert Spencer is one of America’s most prolific and vociferous anti-Muslim propagandists. He insists, despite his lack of academic training in Islam, that the religion is inherently violent and that radical jihadists who commit acts of terror are simply following its dictates. His writing was cited dozens of times in a manifesto written by the Norwegian terrorist Anders Breivik. Spencer was banned from the United Kingdom as an extremist in July 2013.
Attorney and author Edgar Steele was a little-known Idaho lawyer until 2000, when he represented the neo-Nazi Aryan Nations after the group was sued by the Southern Poverty Law Center. Since losing that case (and penning a 2002 coming-out essay entitled, "It's the Jews, Stupid!!!"), Steele has become a regular on the racist circuit.
Dan Stein heads the Federation for American Immigration Reform, the flagship of a network of anti-immigrant groups affiliated with its founder, the white nationalist John Tanton. Stein has complained that today’s immigrants are engaged in “competitive breeding” to diminish the power of the white majority and has campaigned to repeal a 1965 immigration law that ended racial quotas that largely restricted immigration to Europeans. He has also served as editorial adviser for The Social Contract, a nativist hate journal published by Tanton.
Arguably the only true intellectual remaining in the American neo-Nazi movement following the 2002 death of National Alliance founder William Pierce, Kevin Alfred Strom is a bookish yet dogmatic neo-Nazi whose predilection for child pornography ultimately ruined his efforts to claim his former master's legacy.
Tomislav Sunic is a former Croatian diplomat who provides an intellectual voice for white nationalists in America. He is a prolific writer, a former radio host and a fixture on the radical-right speaking circuit, having addressed Klansmen, neo-Nazis, Holocaust deniers and neo-Confederates, among others.
John Tanton is the racist architect of the modern anti-immigrant movement. He created a network of organizations – the Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR), the Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) and NumbersUSA – that have profoundly shaped the immigration debate in the United States.
In his personal bearing and tone, Jared Taylor projects himself as a courtly presenter of ideas that most would describe as crudely white supremacist — a kind of modern-day version of the refined but racist colonialist of old. He is the founder of the New Century Foundation and edits its American Renaissance magazine.
The antigovernment “sovereign citizens” movement is chock-full of homemade prophets and half-baked historians who traffic in alleged theories about conspiracies against the Constitution. And then there’s James Timothy Turner.
Mike Vanderboegh, a longtime leader and propagandist in the antigovernment “Patriot” movement, specializes in fiery rhetoric urging violent “self-defense” against a tyrannical, Constitution-flouting U.S. government determined to impose the Communist principles of gun control and universal health care.
Shaun Walker was the chairman and CEO of the National Alliance, a major neo-Nazi organization, from April 2005 to July 2006. Walker was appointed to head the group after then-leader Erich Gliebe resigned in the midst of continuing infighting and internal scandals.
A minister for more than four decades, John Weaver is a religious mainstay of the racist neo-Confederate movement and a man who has recently become a leading proponent of training Christians for armed battle.
Since 1993, Mark Weber, who has probably done more than any other American to popularize denial of the World War II Holocaust of European Jews, has directed the Institute for Historical Review (IHR), a once prominent denial group that has recently been in decline.
Bill White once was a left-wing anarchist who promoted drugs, homosexuality, bombs and violent anti-racism. But around the turn of the millennium, he swung violently to the right, as reflected in his Overthrow.com website. After a stint with another neo-Nazi group, White set up his own American National Socialist Workers Party in 2006.
James Wickstrom may be America's hardest-line preacher of the racist and anti-Semitic theology of Christian Identity. Known for violent, raging sermons that call for extermination of "the Jews," Wickstrom has been preaching his hatred since his involvement in the 1970s with the anti-Semitic and antigovernment Posse Comitatus.
David Yerushalmi is a New York lawyer and anti-Muslim activist who is a leading proponent of the idea that the United States is threatened by the imposition of Muslim religious law, known as Shariah. His anti-Shariah model legislation has been adopted by several state legislatures, despite the lack of evidence of any threat to U.S. jurisprudence.
German-born Ernst Zundel came to prominence in the world of Holocaust denial in the 1980s, when his Samisdat Publishing company began distributing propaganda like a "Did 6 Million Really Die?" pamphlet and Zundel's own book, The Hitler We Loved and Why.