Leaders F (0%)
Groups F (0%)
Events F (0%)
History F (0%)
Opposition F (0%)
Tactics F (14%)
Content F (3%)

Grade levels F (0%)
Current events F (0%)
Civics F (0%)
Other movements A (100%)
Context D (25%)

Items the State Requires
Civil disobedience.

GRADE F means Hawaii includes none or less than 20% of the recommended content and should significantly revise its standards.

Survey of Standards and Frameworks
Hawaii includes the civil rights movement only in its benchmarks for high school U.S. history.

Elementary and Middle School
There are no requirements that Hawaiian students at this level learn about the modern civil rights movement.

High School
U.S. History:
The benchmarks provide for limited coverage of the civil rights movement.

• Analyze the key factors, including legislation and acts of civil disobedience, that brought on the African- American civil rights movement after World War II.

• Describe the significant events, individuals and groups associated with the civil rights era (1954-1968).

• In contemporary culture and society, describe the expansion of the civil rights movement to other groups, including Native Americans and women. The state’s “Benchmark Maps” underscore the essential understandings students should come away with:

• After World War II a series of factors and events brought about the modern civil rights movement.

• The civil rights movement was not a monolithic movement, but was affected by a variety of people and organizations.

• The successes of the civil rights movement inspired other groups such as women and Native Americans to seek equality.

Hawaii’s standards require minimal study of the civil rights movement. They outline no specific content for students to master, providing scant direction to teachers and schools. The state’s list of “key factors” that brought on the civil rights movement singles out “legislation and acts of civil disobedience” but does not mention racism or legalized disenfranchisement. While the standards do recognize that the movement was not monolithic, they fail to show leadership in making the difficult calls about essential content. Unfortunately for such a diverse state, Hawaii seems to have decided against setting high expectations for student learning about the civil rights movement.