Sovereign citizens are a diverse group of individuals whose activities and motives vary, but whose core tenets are the typically the same. They view United States citizenship, established government, authority and institutions as illegitimate and consider themselves immune from and therefore above the law.
A number of sovereign citizens engage in fraudulent activity, using paper terrorism to achieve their agendas and commit crimes under the mistaken hope or belief that laws do not apply to them. Some plan or take part in protests against government agencies and institutions, like the ones organized by the Bundy’s in Bunkerville, Nevada and the Malheur Wildlife Refuge in Harney County, Oregon. Some have resorted to violence, including acts of domestic terrorism when they felt their freedoms were infringed upon.
Sovereign Leighton Ward is in a heap of trouble. He is currently incarcerated in California, may be extradited to Arizona and faces a felony warrant in Tennessee.
Ward fancies himself the Court Clerk of the Federal Postal Court, a fake court based on sovereign citizen doctrine, conspiracy theories and the belief that freedom from government lies in the use of a made up language. One where “A sentence can only contain one verb in it” and it’s structure “has to be mathematically certified both frontwards and backwards...”
“Federal Postal Court Judge” David Wynn Miller has initiated a number of fraudulent filings. Ward did the same in his own venture, and drafted fake documents, which is how he ended up in handcuffs on May 4.
Ward claimed to work with the Advocacy for Consumer Rights, which calls itself a contract grammar specialist. It uses the same syntax ideas as the Federal Postal Court as the basis for its services. The website states, “by Syntaxing a creditors contract, we can mathematically prove the contract was a fraud.”
Clients paid Ward thousands of dollars to change the terms of their mortgages and get them refunds. There is no evidence that Ward was successful at this, although he created fraudulent documents, which he gave to at least one client to make it look as though he was. The documents were drafted to look authentic and were supposed to be from the Department of Justice Civil Division’s Torts Branch. They listed a P.O. box for an address, which is how the client got suspicious and eventually learned the documents were fake.
As Ward was involved in this alleged scheme, he was also harassing a family in Tennessee who bought his mother’s old home. Ward seems to have convinced himself that they were not the true owners, were trespassing and sent them texts to that effect. He also drove by the house repeatedly, sat on the neighbor’s porch to watch the house and filed a judgment against the property, which clouds its title.
The family was forced to file a restraining order against him. Ward did not show up in court for the hearing on it, instead he posted a YouTube video during the time the hearing was scheduled for admitting to some of his deeds. He also filed a case against the family in the illegitimate Federal Postal Court where he accuses them of “:FRAUDULENT-GRAMMAR-PERFORMANCE / :FALSE &: [MIS]LEADING-STATEMENTS-PEFORMANCE” using Postal Court Syntax.
Tennessee has issued a felony warrant for Ward. Arizona is also interested in trying Ward in their courts after he perpetrated his mortgage scheme on some of its citizens.
Haughton O. Hackett
In 2006, Haughton Hackett, a self-professed sovereign citizen, was charged for inconvenient annoyance in New Jersey. His bail was set at $15,000. Despite this past offense, Hackett chose to spend a May hearing related to his newest case ranting about his sovereignty and making comments such as, "I have come here I have defied myself. Why can't I sit on the throne as a lawgiver?"
Hackett was arrested in Orange County, Florida for kidnapping and grand theft auto after he drove to the store with a friend, then drove off in the friend’s car with their baby in the backseat. Sheriff’s deputies found Hackett and the baby four hours later and took him into custody. Hackett was booked into jail in Maitland and is currently being held without bond.
On May 29, Daniel Lee was pulled over by a Palm Beach Sheriff for going 112 miles an hour during an alleged drag race on a public street. Lee told the officer that he was not driving but “traveling” and as a sovereign citizen his license, insurance and registration could not be used for legal reasons unless the Sheriff signed a contract with Lee first.
The Sheriff did not sign the type of contract Lee was referring to but did issue Lee a traffic citation and arrest notice before taking him into custody. Lee is accused of racing on highways and will go in front of a judge on July 18.
Donell Barron and Rikki Hart
Two members of a multi-cultural sovereign group who call themselves the Yamassee had their five children removed from their custody. It is alleged that they were living in their car in Greenacres with their children who were all malnourished, according to the state. Their 14-year-old son weighed approximately 50 pounds, with his bones clearly showing.
The couple was charged with five counts of neglect. In court documents, the father, Donell Barron, who calls himself El Rahmaat-Shuu wrote that he followed the Yenyi constitution of the Yamassee Indian Nation, so Florida did not have jurisdiction over them.
Barron and Hart first attended court on March 15. Barron would not identify himself at all, stating that “Barron” was a “corporation” and he was an “authorized representative” for himself. The mother, Hart, told the judge she was a “living woman”.
Hart’s state-appointed attorney requested that she be allowed to withdraw from the case, telling the judge that Hart was continually asking her to define the state of Florida. The judge was dubious that “any other lawyer would have less difficulty” and told the lawyer to “Do your best.”
The judge also denied Barron’s request to represent himself, pointing to the answers he was giving her as grounds for her decision.
In May, two of the neglect charges were dropped and the couple was sentenced to two years’ probation. They cannot have contact with their children at this time and are expected to take mental health and substance abuse evaluations and attend parenting class.
On December 30, a vehicle was stolen in Springfield. Police spotted it later the same evening and gave chase. The driver jumped out of the car and escaped through a nearby apartment building. Law enforcement was still able to ID the thief who had left a prescription pill bottle in the car’s console. It belonged to Akwon Salaam, an alleged gang member who turned himself in for the crime in May and is being held on $5,000 bail.
In court Salaam identified himself as a sovereign citizen and explained that laws do not apply to him. Afterward, the judge had him take a psychiatric evaluation. He passed and will be back in court on June 22 for his pre-trial hearing.
On May 27, an endangered child alert was issued in Tennessee after sovereign citizen Brian Hammond did not return his 15-year-old son Aden from a custodial visit in May. Hammond did not believe the custodial court order was valid.
Father and son were missing for a week before authorities tracked them down. They were found in Henderson County. Hammond was taken into custody on custodial interference charges. He posted a $10,000 bond and will be back in court on June 29.
Dr. Clarence Scranage, Jr.
A pain management specialist in Virginia was indicted for operating a pill mill out of his clinics. Dr. Clarence Scranage is accused of conspiracy to distribute Oxycodone and distribution of a controlled substance. The indictment alleges that Scranage worked with another man, who goes by the name of “Tot.” Tot would pay individuals to pretend to be patients to get prescriptions from Scranage and to fill them. Then Tot would sell the pills to sub-dealers who would often sell them on the street. Scranage was paid for the prescriptions he wrote.
Scranage is facing many years in jail, has been forced to forfeit $650,000, which is the amount of profit he is believed to have made from his operation, and to sell six of his seven cars to pay for his legal defense.
In May, Scranage responded to the charges by filing a document with the court titled “Response to the Indictment”. In what is possibly a last ditch effort on Scranage’s part, he chose to use sovereign citizen language and ideas to fight it, including those of the Federal Postal Court (See Leighton Ward).
Gerald “Jerry” DeLemus
In 2014, Oath Keeper Jerry Delemus travelled from New Hampshire to take part in the Bunkerville standoff at Cliven Bundy’s Ranch.
Court documents describe DeLemus as a “mid-level leader and organizer of the conspiracy who, among other things, recruited, organized, trained and provided logistical support to gunmen and other followers and organized and led armed patrols and security checkpoints.” Oath Keepers leader Stewart Rhodes described him as “head of security for the ranch.”
After returning from Bunkerville, DeLemus ran for Sheriff in Strafford County, New Hampshire, and co-chaired a group called “Veterans for Trump.” His wife, Susan, was also involved in politics as a New Hampshire State Representative.
Husband and wife both visited Malheur County, Oregon in January 2016 during the Bundys’ occupation of the federal wildlife refuge. They hoped to document the event, get to the bottom of rumors swirling around about some of the people involved and to help end the siege.
Two months later, in March 2016, the FBI showed up at DeLemus’ Rochester home and arrested him for his part in the standoff. He was charged with multiple offenses, including conspiracy to commit an offense against the U.S., conspiracy to impede and injure a federal officer and assault on a federal officer.
DeLemus described his role in the standoff as a peacemaker. U.S. Attorney’s prosecuting the case asked the court “why as a ‘peacemaker’ and ‘mediator’ he needed to move around Bundy ranch dressed in military fatigues and brandishing a .50 caliber machine gun.”
DeLemus pled guilty in August 2016 and accepted a six year plea deal, which he attempted to rescind after the Bundys’ acquittal in the first Malheur case. His request was denied, and in May 2017, the judge sentenced him to 87 months instead of the initial 72, citing his request and his lack of remorse.