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How Basic Ordering Agreements Came To Be

Sheriff Bob Gualtieri of Pinellas County, Fla. thought that ICE detainers were unconstitutional – so he tried to come up with a workaround: Basic Ordering Agreements.

On April 21, 2017, in an email to members of the Florida Sheriffs Association, Pinellas County Sheriff Bob Gualtieri admitted that he and many other sheriffs had concerns about the constitutionality of immigration detainers. An immigration detainer is a form in which Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) requests that local law enforcement arrest and detain someone for an additional 48 additional hours beyond the time the local enforcement agency is authorized to hold the person so that ICE has time to come and pick them up.

Several courts have found that acting on these detainers violates the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. Sheriff Gualtieri’s email was obtained by the SPLC in a public records request.

On January 17, 2018, 17 Florida counties announced that they would enter into a new collaboration agreement with ICE called Basic Ordering Agreements (BOAs). Since then, most Florida counties and one Louisiana parish (the equivalent of a county) have signed on. These BOAs were the result of Gualtieri’s efforts working with ICE. The new arrangement requires ICE to pay $50 for every immigrant they hold and turn over to ICE, for up to 48 hours. Gualtieri’s emails demonstrate the persistence of BOA counties to find and supply immigrants for ICE to deport, even when they know it violates the US Constitution.

The Southern Poverty Law Center has sued Monroe County Sheriff Rick Ramsay to prove BOAs do not cure the illegality of ICE detainers and cannot protect counties from liability for illegal acts they commit when they collaborate with ICE.